佛说盂兰盆經 Ullambana Sutra
1. The Buddha Speaks the Ullambana Sutr a 佛说盂兰盆经
5. TH E BUDDHA SPEAKS THE ULLAM BANA SUTRA 佛 说 盂 兰 盆 经 5 The Buddha replied "Good indeed! I am happy you asked that question. I just wanted to speak about that and now you have also asked about it. Good man, if Bhikshus, Bhikshunis, kings, crown pri nces, great ministers, great officials, cabinet members, the hundred ministers, and the tens of thousands of citizens wish to practice compassionate filial conduct, for the sake of the parents who bore them, as well as for the sake of fathers and mothers o f seven lives past, on the fifteenth day of the seventh month, the day of the Buddha's Delight, the day of the Sangha's Pravarana, they all should place hundreds of flavors of foods in the Ullambana basins, and offer them to the Pravarana Sangha of the ten directions. They should vow to cause the length of their present fathers' and mothers' lives to reach a hundred years without illnesses, without sufferings, afflictions, or worries, and also vow to cause seven generations of fathers and mothers to leave t he sufferings of the hungry ghosts, to be born among humans and gods, and to have blessings and bliss without limit." The Buddha told all the good men and good women, "Those disciples of the Buddha who cultivate filial conduct should in thought after thoug ht, constantly recall their present fathers and mothers when making offerings, as well as the fathers and mothers of seven lives past . Every year , on the fift eenth day of the seventh month , they should always, out of filia l compassion, recall their parents who bore them and t hose of se ven lives past, and for their sakes perform the offering of
3. TH E BUDDHA SPEAKS THE ULLAM BANA SUTRA 佛 说 盂 兰 盆 经 3 I shall now speak a Dharma of rescue which causes all those in difficulty to leave worry and suffering, and to eradicate obstacles from offenses. " The Buddha told Maudgalyayana, "The fifteenth day of the seventh month is the Pravarana Day for the asse mbled Sangha of the ten directions. For the sake of fathers and mothers of seven generations past, as well as for fathers and mothers of the present who are in distress, you should prepare an offering of clean basins full of hundreds of flavors and the fiv e fruits, and other offerings of incense, oil, lamps, candles, beds, and bedding, all the best of the world, to the greatly virtuous assembled Sangha of the ten directions. "On that day, all the holy assembly, whether in the mountains practicing dhyana sam adhi, or obtaining the four fruits of the Way, or walking beneath trees, or using the independence of the six penetrations to teach and transform Sound Hearers and Those Enlightened to Conditions, or provisionally manifesting as Bhikshus when in fact they are Great Bodhisattvas on the Tenth Ground -- all complete with pure precepts and ocean - like virtue of the holy Way -- should gather in a great assembly and all of like mind receive the Pravarana food. "If one thus makes offerings to these Pravarana Sangha , one's present father and mother, parents of seven generations past, as well as the six kinds of close relatives will escape from the three paths of suffering, and at that time attain release. Their clothing and food will spontaneously appear. If the parent s are still alive, they will have wealth and
4. TH E BUDDHA SPEAKS THE ULLAM BANA SUTRA 佛 说 盂 兰 盆 经 4 blessings for a hundred years. Parents of seven generations past will be born in the heavens. Transformationally born, they will independently enter the celestial flower light, and experience limitless bliss." A t that time the Buddha commanded the assembled Sangha of the ten directions to recite mantras and vows for the sake of the donor's family, for parents of seven generations. After practicing dhyana concentration, the Sangha accepted the food. When they firs t received the basin, they placed it before the Buddha in the stupa. When the assembled Sangha had finished the mantras and vows they received the food. At that time the Bhikshu Maudgalyayana and the assembly of Great Bodhisattvas were all extremely deligh ted and the sorrowful sound of Maudgalyayana's crying ceased. At that time Maudgalyayana's mother obtained liberation from one kalpa of suffering as a hungry ghost. Maudgalyayana addressed the Buddha and said, "This disciple's parents have received the pow er of the merit and virtue of the Triple Jewel, because of the awesome spiritual power of the assembled Sangha. If in the future the Buddha's disciples practice filiality by offerings up the Ullambana basins, will they be able to cross over their present f athers and mothers as well us those of seven generations past?"
2. TH E BUDDHA SPEAKS THE ULLAM BANA SUTRA 佛 说 盂 兰 盆 经 2 The Buddha Speaks the Ullambana Sutr a T hus I have heard, at one time, the Buddha dwelt at Shravasti in the Garden of the Benefactor of Orphans and the Solitary. Mahamaudgalyayana had just obtained the six penetrations and wished to cross over his father and mother to repay their kindness for ra ising him. Thus, using his Way Eye, he regarded the world and saw that his deceased mother had been born among the hungry ghosts. Having neither food nor drink, she was but skin and bones. Mahamaudgalyayana felt deep pity and sadness, filled a bowl with fo od, and went to provide for his mother. She got the bowl, screened it with her left hand, and with her right hand made a fist of food. But before it entered her mouth, it turned into burning coals which could not be eaten. Mahamaudgalyayana called out and wept sorrowfully, and hastened to return to the Buddha to set forth all of this. The Buddha said, "Your mother's offenses are deep and firmly rooted. You alone do not have enough power. Although your filial sounds move heaven and earth, the heaven spirits, the earth spirits, twisted demons, and those outside the way, Brahmans, and the Four Heavenly King Gods are also without sufficient strength. The awesome spiritual power of the assembled Sangha of the ten directions is necessary for liberation to be attai ned.
8. TH E BUDDHA SPEAKS THE ULLAM BANA SUTRA 佛 说 盂 兰 盆 经 8 父母，乃至七世父母。年年七月十五日，常 以孝慈， 忆所生父母，为作盂兰盆，施佛及僧，以报父母长养慈 爱之恩。若一切佛弟子，应常奉持是法。 ’ 时目连比丘、四辈弟子，欢喜奉行。
6. TH E BUDDHA SPEAKS THE ULLAM BANA SUTRA 佛 说 盂 兰 盆 经 6 the Ullambana basin to the Buddha and the Sangha and thus repay the loving ki ndness of the parents who raised and nourished them. All Buddhas ’ disciples should respectfully receive this dharma . " At that time the Bhikshu Maudgalyayana and the four - fold assembly of disciples, hearing what the Buddha said, practiced it with delight. End of the Buddha Speaks the Ullambana Sutra. 佛说盂兰盆经 西晋三藏 法师竺法护译 闻如是。一时佛在舍卫国祇树给孤独园。大目犍连 始得六通，欲度父母，报乳哺之恩。即以道眼观视世间， 见其亡母生饿鬼中，不见饮食，皮骨连立。目连悲哀， 即以钵盛饭，往饷其母，母得钵饭，即以左手障钵，右 手搏食，食未入口，化成火炭，遂不得食。目连大叫， 悲号涕泣，驰还白佛，具陈如此。 佛言： ‘ 汝母罪根深结，非汝一人力所奈何。汝虽 孝顺，声动天地、天神地祇、邪魔外道、道士四天王神， 亦不能 奈何。当须十方众僧威神之力乃得解脱。吾今当 说救济之法，令一切难皆离忧苦。 ’
7. TH E BUDDHA SPEAKS THE ULLAM BANA SUTRA 佛 说 盂 兰 盆 经 7 佛告目连： ‘ 十方众生，七月十五日，僧自恣时， 当为七世父母及现在父母厄难中者，具饭、百味五果、 汲灌盆器、香油锭烛、床敷卧具、尽世甘美以著盆中， 供养十方大德众僧。当此之日，一切圣众，或在山间禅 定、或得四道果、或在树下经行、或六通自在教化声闻 缘觉、或十地菩萨大人，权现比丘，在大众中，皆同一 心，受钵和罗饭，具清净戒，圣众之道，其德汪洋。其 有供养此等自恣僧者，现世父母、六亲眷属，得出三涂 之苦应时解脱，衣食自然；若父母现在者，福乐百年； 若七世父 母生天，自在化生，入天华光。 ’ 时佛敕十方众僧，皆先为施主家咒愿，愿七世父母 行禅定意，然后受食。初受食时，先安在佛前，塔寺中 佛前，众僧咒愿竟，便自受食。 时目连比丘及大菩萨众皆大欢喜，目连悲啼泣声释 然除灭。 时目连母即于是日，得脱一劫饿鬼之苦。 目连复白佛言： ‘ 弟子所生母，得蒙三宝功德之力， 众僧威神力故。若未来世，一切佛弟子，亦应奉盂兰盆， 救度现在父母，乃至七世父母，可为尔否？ ’ 佛言： ‘ 大善快问！我正欲说，汝今复问。善男子！ 若比丘比丘尼、国王太子、大臣宰相、三公百官、万民 庶人，行慈孝者，皆应先为所生现在父母、过去七世父 母，于七月十五日，佛欢喜日，僧自恣日，以百味饭食， 安盂兰盆中，施十方自恣僧，愿使现在父母，寿命百年 无病、无一切苦恼之患，乃至七世父母离恶鬼苦，生人 天中，福乐无极。是佛弟子修孝顺者，应念念中，常忆
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